Office of Inspector General Report: Adverse Events in SNFs: National Incidence among Medicare Beneficiaries
In February 2014, the Office of Inspector General (OIG) released its report Adverse Events in SNFs: National Incidence among Medicare Beneficiaries. It reported that one in three skilled nursing facility (SNF) beneficiaries were harmed by an adverse event or temporary harm event within the first 35 days of their skilled stay. The OIG determined that nearly 60 percent of those events were preventable.
Potentially Preventable Adverse Events in Nursing Homes
In its report on adverse events, the OIG recommended that CMS collaborate with the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) to develop and promote a listing of potential events that occur in nursing homes to raise awareness of adverse events that harm to nursing home residents. Using the OIG study, CMS and AHRQ worked together to create a list of the most common potentially preventable adverse events.
Adverse Drug Events in Nursing Homes
Of all the events identified in the OIG report, 37 percent were related to medication. The second most frequent cause of medication related adverse events was excessive bleeding related to anticoagulant use causing harm ranging from hospitalization to death.
These findings are further supported by Propublica data reported in a recent Washington Post article which stated, “…from 2011 to 2014, at least 165 nursing home residents were hospitalized or died after errors involving Coumadin or its generic version, warfarin. It is clear that adverse events related to high risk medications continue to be pervasive with devastating effects to nursing home residents.
During its collaboration with AHRQ, CMS began work to develop and test a Focused Survey on Medication Safety Systems that looks at nursing home practice around high-risk and problem prone medications, such as warfarin. One of the foundational tools for the survey grew from the listing of potentially preventable adverse events. CMS envisions this tool as a resource document containing necessary information for evaluating high risk medications. It was designed to be a crosswalk that lists:
– common potentially preventable adverse drug events
– risk factors related to those events,
– triggers – signs, symptoms, or clinical interventions which could indicate that the adverse drug event has occurred,
– probes which would assist surveyors in evaluating systems around high risk medications.
Adverse Events Tools and Resources
CMS will add resources and tools as they become available, which may assist nursing home providers to identify, track, and systematically investigate adverse events that have occurred; as well as develop and implement systemic interventions that will help prevent adverse events.